Bernardino Ramazzini

Not only in antiquity but in our own times also laws have been passed…to secure good conditions for workers; so it is right that the art of medicine should contribute its portion for the benefit and relief of those for whom the law has shown such foresight…[We] ought to show peculiar zeal…in taking precautions for their safety. I for one have done all that lay in my power, and have not thought it beneath me to step into workshops of the meaner sort now and again and study the obscure operations of mechanical arts.

“Not only in antiquity but in our own times also laws … Read More

…those who sit at their work and are therefore called ‘chair workers,’ such as cobblers and tailors, suffer from their own particular diseases … [T]hese workers … suffer from general ill-health and an excessive accumulation of unwholesome humors caused by their sedentary life … so to some extent counteract the harm done by many days of sedentary life. On the association between chronic inactivity and poor health. Ramazzini urged that workers should at least exercise on holidays

“…those who sit at their work and are therefore called ‘chair … Read More

[I have seen] workers in whom certain morbid affections gradually arise from some particular posture of the limbs or unnatural movements of the body called for while they work. Such are the workers who all day stand or sit, stoop or are bent double, who run or ride or exercise their bodies in all sorts of [excess] ways. … the harvest of diseases reaped by certain workers … [from] irregular motions in unnatural postures of the body.

“[I have seen] workers in whom certain morbid affections gradually arise … Read More